The Proposal, Anton Chekhov: Summary & Analysis

"The Proposal" by Anton Chekhov tells the story of two neighbors, Stephan and Ivan. Stephan is an elderly man who lives with his daughter, Natalya. Ivan owns land adjacent to Stephan's property and they have disputes over the meadows.

Ivan's Ambiguous Visit

One evening, Ivan dresses up and goes to Stephan's house. Stephan wonders about the reason for Ivan's visit, assuming he might need some help. However, Ivan beats around the bush and seems unsure.

Ivan's Unexpected Proposal

To Stephan's surprise, Ivan confesses that he has feelings for Natalya and proposes to marry her. Stephan is pleasantly taken aback and mentions that Natalya has always liked Ivan as well. He praises Natalya's beauty and homemaking abilities.

An Heated Argument

Stephan leaves the room, and Natalya enters. She notices Ivan's dress and immediately starts complaining about the meadows. The conversation quickly escalates into a heated argument, with both Natalya and Ivan screaming at each other. Stephan intervenes and sides with his daughter.

Regret and Second Chances

After Ivan leaves, Natalya asks her father about the proposal and realizes her rude behavior. She asks Stephan to bring Ivan back. Ivan returns, and Natalya talks to him calmly, accepting his proposal. However, they start arguing again, this time about their dogs. Stephan supports his daughter once more, leading to Ivan fainting from the tension.

A Change of Heart

Stephan feels guilty and calls for a doctor to attend to Ivan. After Ivan is revived, he reaffirms his proposal. Both Natalya and Stephan agree, and they plan a quick wedding. Stephan feels relieved as a father, as he had been worried about his unmarried daughter.


In Anton Chekhov's "The Proposal," the story revolves around unexpected romantic feelings, heated arguments, and a change of heart. The proposal that initially caused tension and conflict ultimately leads to a happy ending, with Natalya and Ivan agreeing to get married, bringing joy and relief to Stephan as a father.


Analyzing "The Proposal" by Anton Chekhov


"The Proposal" by Anton Chekhov is a one-act play that delves into themes of love, pride, and societal expectations. Through its comedic elements and satirical portrayal of human behavior, Chekhov presents a thought-provoking commentary on the absurdity of certain social conventions and the complexities of human relationships.

Social Conventions and Marriage:

Chekhov uses the proposal as a vehicle to mock the societal norms and pressures surrounding marriage during his time. The play highlights how marriage was often seen as a means of securing social status and property, rather than a genuine union of love. Ivan's sudden proposal to Natalya is not driven by love, but rather by his desire to expand his land holdings by marrying into Stephan's property. This reflects the materialistic and pragmatic attitudes prevalent in society.

The Absurdity of Arguments:

One of the play's central comedic elements is the absurdity of the arguments that arise between the characters. The dispute over the meadows and the dogs serves as a satire of how trivial matters can quickly escalate into heated confrontations. Chekhov uses humor to highlight the irrationality of human behavior and the tendency to bicker over insignificant issues.

Irony and Miscommunication:

Throughout the play, Chekhov employs irony and miscommunication to create humor and underscore the misunderstandings between the characters. Ivan's ambiguous reason for dressing up and Natalya's initial complaint about the meadows serve as examples of miscommunication. The irony lies in how the characters fail to convey their true intentions, leading to comical misunderstandings and dramatic confrontations.

Characterization and Human Nature:

Chekhov's characters are skillfully portrayed to exemplify certain human traits and flaws. Stephan represents the stubbornness and pride often seen in older generations, while Natalya's quick temper and inability to communicate her feelings reveal the impulsive nature of youth. Ivan's indecisiveness and attempts to please others highlight the lack of authenticity in his proposal. These character traits contribute to the play's humor and serve as a reflection of common human behaviors.

Critique of Social Climbing:

The play subtly critiques the societal desire for upward mobility and social climbing. Ivan's proposal to Natalya is motivated by his desire for greater wealth and status, and Stephan's initial enthusiasm about the proposal reflects his eagerness to elevate his family's social standing. Chekhov uses this dynamic to illustrate the absurdity of prioritizing material gain over genuine human connections.

In conclusion, "The Proposal" is a witty and insightful play that satirizes societal norms, human behavior, and the complexities of relationships. Through humor, irony, and well-drawn characters, Chekhov encourages the audience to question the values and conventions of their time while shedding light on the timeless absurdities of human interactions. The play's enduring appeal lies in its ability to resonate with audiences across generations, reminding us of the follies and foibles that are inherent in the human condition.

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