The Little Boy Lost, William Blake: Summary & Analysis

In "The Little Boy Lost" by William Blake, the poet paints a poignant scene of a child's vulnerability and the yearning for guidance and protection. Through the desperate cry of a lost child and the absence of a father figure, Blake delves into themes of isolation, abandonment, and the challenges of navigating the complexities of life.

The Little Boy Lost by William Blake

‘‘Father, father, where are you going? Oh do not walk so fast! Speak, father, speak to your little boy, Or else I shall be lost.’’ The night was dark, no father was there, The child was wet with dew; The mire was deep, and the child did weep, And away the vapour flew.

Critical Analysis

"The Little Boy Lost" captures a sense of abandonment and vulnerability through the dialogue between a lost child and an absent father. The poem's structure and imagery effectively convey the child's feelings of fear, confusion, and longing for connection.

The child's repeated cry of "Father, father, where are you going?" establishes the tone of desperation and the plea for attention and guidance. The child's vulnerability is further emphasized by the imagery of the night being "dark" and the child becoming "wet with dew." These sensory details create a vivid scene of discomfort and isolation.

The absence of the father figure in the midst of the child's distress reinforces the theme of abandonment. The child's cries are met with silence, and the father's absence highlights the harsh realities of life's challenges and the lack of guidance in times of need.

The final lines, "The mire was deep, and the child did weep, / And away the vapour flew," encapsulate the child's emotional and physical struggle. The word "mire" symbolizes the difficulties and obstacles the child faces, while "vapour" suggests the transient nature of the child's pleas and emotions.

Overall, "The Little Boy Lost" is a reflection on the vulnerabilities of youth, the search for guidance and protection, and the harsh realities of life that can lead to feelings of abandonment.

Themes of the Poem

  • Vulnerability: The poem explores the vulnerability of a lost child and the challenges they face in an unforgiving world.
  • Abandonment: The absence of the father figure highlights the theme of abandonment, both physically and emotionally.
  • Yearning for Guidance: The child's cries for their father reflect the human desire for guidance and protection.

Stylistic Analysis

  • Dialogue: The dialogue between the child and the absent father effectively conveys the child's emotions and vulnerability.
  • Imagery: Sensory imagery, such as the dark night and the child's wetness, paints a vivid picture of the child's physical and emotional state.
  • Structure: The poem's concise structure enhances the impact of the child's cries and the portrayal of their distress.


  • Fear and Confusion: The child's cries and pleas reflect their fear, confusion, and uncertainty in the face of abandonment.
  • Longing for Connection: The child's repeated cries for their father convey a deep yearning for connection, guidance, and protection.


  • Descriptive Language: The descriptive language creates a vivid picture of the child's distress and the challenging environment they find themselves in.
  • Repetition: The repetition of the child's cries emphasizes their desperation and longing for the father's presence.

Sound Devices

  • Rhythm and Flow: The poem's rhythmic and flowing structure enhances the emotional impact of the child's pleas and the unfolding scene.
  • Alliteration: The repeated "f" sounds in "Father, father, where are you going?" create an auditory emphasis on the child's plea.

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