The Angel, William Blake: Summary & Analysis

In "The Angel" by William Blake, the poet presents a reflective and melancholic exploration of the fleeting nature of youth, innocence, and the passage of time. Through the dream of a maiden queen guarded by an angel, Blake delves into themes of lost opportunities, the inevitability of aging, and the complex emotions associated with growing older.

The Angel by William Blake

I dreamt a dream! What can it mean? And that I was a maiden Queen Guarded by an Angel mild: Witless woe was ne’er beguiled! And I wept both night and day, And he wiped my tears away; And I wept both day and night, And hid from him my heart’s delight. So he took his wings, and fled; Then the morn blushed rosy red. I dried my tears, and armed my fears With ten-thousand shields and spears. Soon my Angel came again; I was armed, he came in vain; For the time of youth was fled, And grey hairs were on my head.

Critical Analysis

"The Angel" encapsulates a sense of nostalgia, loss, and the inevitable passage of time. The poem's structure revolves around the dream of a maiden queen and her interactions with an angel, which serve as metaphors for the fleeting nature of youth and innocence.

The dream sequence in the first stanza sets the tone for the poem. The maiden queen's emotions of woe and tears are soothed by the presence of the angel. This dream-like scenario symbolizes the innocence and purity of youth, where the angel represents protection and comfort.

The second stanza reveals a change in the dynamic. The angel's departure, signified by "he took his wings, and fled," corresponds with the transition from the blissful days of youth to the harsher reality of adulthood. The imagery of the morning blushing "rosy red" implies the arrival of a new phase in life.

The following lines, "I dried my tears, and armed my fears / With ten-thousand shields and spears," depict the transition from vulnerability to self-defense, as the speaker matures and shields themselves from emotional pain.

The final stanza captures the essence of the poem's theme. The return of the angel after the speaker's transformation is met with resistance, as the time of youth has passed, and "grey hairs were on my head." The angel's reappearance becomes futile, reflecting the irreversible nature of time and the inability to recapture lost innocence and opportunities.

Overall, "The Angel" is a poignant reflection on the complexities of growing older, the loss of innocence, and the realization that time cannot be reversed.

Themes of the Poem

  • Passage of Time: The poem explores the inevitable transition from youth to adulthood and the emotions associated with this change.
  • Nostalgia and Loss: The poem evokes a sense of nostalgia for the innocence of youth and the loss of opportunities that come with aging.
  • Emotional Complexity: The poem delves into the emotional shifts that accompany growing older, including longing, regret, and acceptance.

Stylistic Analysis

  • Dream Sequence: The dream scenario serves as a metaphorical framework for exploring the themes of the poem.
  • Imagery and Symbolism: The imagery of the angel and the maiden queen symbolize youth, innocence, protection, and the passage of time.
  • Rhyme and Rhythm: The poem follows an AABB rhyme scheme and maintains a rhythmic flow, enhancing its readability.


  • Nostalgia: The poem evokes a sense of nostalgia for the innocence and vulnerability of youth.
  • Loss: The poem expresses a feeling of loss for the passing of time and the opportunities associated with youth.
  • Acceptance: The realization of the irreversible passage of time leads to a sense of acceptance of the changes that come with aging.


  • Reflective Language: The poem's reflective tone conveys the speaker's contemplation of their past and the emotions attached to it.
  • Metaphorical Language: The dream scenario and the angel serve as metaphors for the themes of innocence, aging, and time.

Sound Devices

  • Rhyme Scheme: The AABB rhyme scheme contributes to the poem's rhythmic quality.
  • Alliteration: The repetition of the "w" sound in "Witless woe" and "wiped my tears" adds auditory impact.
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