Infant Joy, William Blake: Summary & Analysis

In "Infant Joy," William Blake delicately captures the essence of newborn innocence and the simple joys of life. Through the voice of an infant and a caregiver, the poem explores the purity of a newly arrived life and the celebration of the emotions it brings. Through its tender verses, the poem conveys the beauty of experiencing happiness in its purest form.

Infant Joy

‘‘I have no name;
I am but two days old.’’
What shall I call thee?
‘‘I happy am,
Joy is my name.’’
Sweet joy befall thee!
Pretty joy!
Sweet joy, but two days old.
Sweet Joy I call thee:
Thou dost smile,
I sing the while;
Sweet joy befall thee!

Critical Analysis

"Infant Joy" by William Blake captures the poignant moment of a newborn's arrival and the pure, unadulterated emotion it brings. The poem unfolds as a conversation between the newborn infant and a caregiver, possibly the mother. The interaction between the two voices highlights the awe-inspiring beauty of the child's joyful spirit.

The infant's initial statement, "I have no name; I am but two days old," introduces the notion of newness and the absence of societal constructs. The caregiver's question, "What shall I call thee?" emphasizes the importance of naming and identification.

The infant's reply, "I happy am, Joy is my name," is significant in its simplicity. The choice of "Joy" as the infant's name represents the immediate and unfiltered emotional response of happiness and contentment that characterizes infancy. The caregiver's blessing, "Sweet joy befall thee," further underscores the beauty and purity of this emotion.

The poem's repetition of "Sweet joy" in the latter part of the poem and the imagery of the infant smiling while being sung to by the caregiver add to the sense of serenity and innocence. The caregiver's song conveys not only a sense of bonding but also a shared embrace of the joyful moment.

"Infant Joy" encapsulates the transient yet powerful emotion of happiness experienced by a newborn. The poem emphasizes the significance of simple joys and the immediate connection between caregiver and child.


"Infant Joy" captures the interaction between a newborn infant and a caregiver. The infant, only two days old, declares its identity as "Joy." The caregiver's blessing and the repetition of "Sweet joy" convey the beauty and purity of the newborn's happiness. The poem celebrates the immediate and unfiltered emotion experienced in the earliest stages of life.

Themes of the Poem

  • Newborn Innocence: The poem explores the purity and unspoiled nature of a newborn's emotions.
  • Celebration of Joy: The poem celebrates the simple and unadulterated happiness experienced by the infant.
  • Bonding and Connection: The interaction between the infant and the caregiver highlights the bond between parent and child.

Stylistic Analysis

  • Dialogue: The poem takes the form of a dialogue between the infant and the caregiver, creating an intimate and tender atmosphere.
  • Repetition: The repetition of "Sweet joy" emphasizes the theme of joy and reinforces the emotional resonance of the poem.
  • Rhythmic Language: The rhythmic flow of the poem's language enhances its musical quality, mirroring the innocence it portrays.


  • Innocent Happiness: The poem conveys the immediate and untainted joy experienced by the newborn.
  • Parental Love: The caregiver's interaction and song convey a sense of love and nurturing towards the child.


  • Simple Language: The poem uses simple and straightforward language to convey the immediacy of the infant's emotions.
  • Expressive Language: The dialogue and imagery create an expressive and emotionally resonant atmosphere.

Sound Devices

  • Rhythmic Flow: The rhythmic structure of the poem contributes to its melodic and soothing quality, mirroring the tender subject matter.
  • Repetition: The repetition of "Sweet joy" adds a musical and rhythmic quality to the poem, emphasizing the theme of joy.
Feel free to ask any further questions or explore specific aspects of the poem!
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