Discussing Quran 91:7-10 - The Innate Knowledge of Good and Evil


The Quran, as the holy scripture of Islam, contains profound wisdom and guidance for humanity. In this discussion, we explore verses from Surah Ash-Shams (Chapter 91), verses 7-10, which highlight the concept of the human soul's innate knowledge of good and evil. The verses emphasize the importance of purifying the soul to achieve success and warn against contamination that leads to failure.
"And the soul bears witness and the perfection given to it, then [God] inspired it with its evil and its good that he succeeded who purified it and he failed who contaminated it." (Quran: 91:7-10)


These verses in Surah Ash-Shams reflect on the inherent nature and potential of the human soul. The soul is depicted as bearing witness to its innate disposition and the qualities it possesses. It is created with the potential for both good and evil.

God, in His wisdom, inspires the soul with the capacity to discern between right and wrong, good and evil. The soul is endowed with free will and the ability to make choices. It is through this God-given inspiration that the soul develops its moral compass, allowing it to distinguish between virtuous actions and sinful deeds.

The verses further state that success in life is determined by the purification of the soul. Those who strive to cleanse their souls, by following the path of righteousness, will attain success. Conversely, those who allow their souls to be contaminated with evil deeds and intentions will face failure and consequences.

Key Points

  1. Innate Knowledge: The Quran acknowledges the innate knowledge of good and evil present within the human soul, which guides our actions and moral choices.
  2. Divine Inspiration: God inspires the soul with the capacity to discern right from wrong, thereby bestowing us with the ability to exercise free will and make moral decisions.
  3. Success and Failure: The verses emphasize the consequences of our actions. Success in life is achieved through the purification of the soul and adherence to virtuous behavior, while failure results from contamination caused by sinful actions and intentions.


This Quranic passage encourages self-reflection and a sense of accountability for our actions. It reminds us that we have the inherent knowledge to distinguish between good and evil. By making conscious choices to purify our souls and follow the path of righteousness, we can attain success and contentment in this life and the hereafter.

In the context of religious tolerance, this teaching highlights a shared belief among various religious traditions regarding the innate moral consciousness present within humanity. By recognizing this common understanding, we can foster mutual respect and appreciation among diverse religious communities.

As individuals, we can apply this guidance by striving to purify our souls through acts of kindness, compassion, and adherence to moral principles. By seeking God's guidance and inspiration, we can lead a life that aligns with virtue and righteousness, promoting harmony and goodness in our relationships and communities.

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