Discussing Quran 31:18-19 - Condemnation of Pride and Vanity

The Quran provides guidance on the importance of humility and the condemnation of pride and arrogance. In this discussion, we explore verses from Surah Luqman (Chapter 31), verses 18-19. These verses emphasize the virtue of humility, warn against arrogance and conceit, and highlight the significance of respectful behavior and speech.

"And do not rudely turn away from people nor walk arrogantly in the land because God does not like the arrogant and the conceited. And be humble in your gait and lower your voice because the most hideous of voices is the braying of donkeys." (Quran 31:18-19)


These verses call for humility in behavior and speech, condemning prideful and arrogant attitudes. Believers are advised not to turn away from people rudely, which suggests showing disrespect or disregard for others' feelings and opinions.

Walking arrogantly in the land indicates an attitude of superiority and conceit, which the Quran warns against. Arrogance is considered unbecoming and displeasing to God.

The Quran encourages believers to be humble in their gait, signifying modesty and simplicity in their manner of walking. Additionally, they are advised to lower their voices, which reflects a courteous and respectful tone in speech.

The verse uses the analogy of the braying of donkeys to illustrate the unpleasantness of a loud and obnoxious voice. Lowering the voice is a virtue that fosters harmonious interactions and demonstrates consideration for others.

Key Points

  1. Humility over Arrogance: The verses promote humility in behavior and speech, discouraging prideful and arrogant attitudes.
  2. Respect for Others: Muslims are encouraged not to rudely turn away from people, demonstrating respect for others' feelings and opinions.
  3. Modesty and Simplicity: Believers are advised to exhibit humility in their gait and to adopt a simple and modest manner of walking.
  4. Courteous Speech: Lowering the voice in speech is encouraged as a sign of respect and consideration for others.


These Quranic teachings call for the practice of humility, respect, and modesty in our interactions with others. By avoiding arrogance and adopting courteous speech, we can promote harmonious relationships and a more compassionate society.

In the context of religious tolerance, these teachings resonate with various faith traditions that also emphasize the value of humility and respectful behavior. By recognizing the shared importance of these virtues, we can foster understanding and harmony among diverse religious communities.

As individuals, we can apply this lesson by being mindful of our behavior and speech, avoiding arrogance and conceit, and treating others with respect and kindness. By cultivating humility and lowering our voices, we can reflect the core values taught by our respective religious traditions and contribute to a more considerate and compassionate world.

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