Discussing Chapter 8 of Dao De Jing - The Virtue of Humility: Water's Supreme Goodness

Chapter 8 of the Dao De Jing, attributed to Lao Zi (Lao Tzu), extols the virtue of humility through the metaphor of water. Lao Zi compares the supreme goodness to the qualities of water, highlighting its ability to benefit all things without contention. In this discussion, we explore the profound wisdom contained in this chapter, delving into the virtues of humility, adaptability, and selflessness as exemplified by water.

Original Verse

"The supreme goodness is like water. Water benefits all things without conflict." (Chapter 8 of Dao De Jing)


Lao Zi's analogy of water presents a powerful depiction of the attributes of true goodness and virtue.

Water's remarkable quality of benefiting all things serves as a metaphor for the selflessness and universality of goodness. Just as water nourishes and sustains every form of life it touches, true virtue benefits all beings without discrimination or conflict.

Water's humility is showcased in its ability to flow to the lowest places, filling gaps and conforming to the contours of its surroundings. Similarly, the supreme goodness operates without fanfare, embracing humility and adapting to various situations without imposing its will.

Key Points

  1. Humility of Goodness: The chapter emphasizes the virtue of humility as an essential aspect of true goodness. Just as water's unassuming nature benefits all, humility is a hallmark of virtuous behavior.
  2. Universal Benefit: The analogy of water's capacity to benefit all things underscores the inclusive and selfless nature of genuine virtue. True goodness is not selective but extends to all beings.
  3. Adaptability and Gentleness: Water's ability to flow and adapt to its surroundings reflects the virtue of gentleness. Virtuous individuals, like water, navigate situations with flexibility and a gentle spirit.


The teachings of Chapter 8 encourage us to cultivate humility, adaptability, and selflessness in our lives.

Embracing humility allows us to connect with others on a deeper level and serve as agents of positive change without ego-driven motives. Just as water flows to the lowest point, humility enables us to support and uplift those around us.

Additionally, the analogy of water teaches us the value of adapting to different situations while maintaining our core virtues. By practicing gentleness and adaptability, we can navigate challenges and conflicts with grace.

Ultimately, this chapter invites us to embody the qualities of water - to be humble, universal in our kindness, and adaptable in our actions. By doing so, we contribute to a world where goodness, like water, flows freely and benefits all without contention.

Bridge of Faiths

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