Thank You, Ma’am, Langston Hughes: Summary & Analysis


The story opens with the introduction of a "large woman" carrying a heavy purse over her shoulder. Late at night, while walking alone, she becomes the target of a young boy who attempts to steal her purse. However, due to its weight, the boy loses his balance and falls backward. Seizing the opportunity, the woman kicks him before shaking him vigorously and demanding that he retrieve her purse. She questions whether he feels any shame for his attempted robbery.

Plot Summary

A Surprising Act of Kindness

The boy, dressed in tennis shoes and blue jeans, appears to be around fourteen or fifteen years old, and he is visibly intimidated by the imposing figure of the older woman. She notices the dirt on his face and realizes that he lacks proper care at home. Displaying a sense of compassion, the woman, who introduces herself as Mrs. Luella Bates Washington Jones, decides to take him to her home to wash his face.

Inside her house, where she lives with other people, Mrs. Jones asks the boy his name, and he reveals that his name is Roger. She leads him to the kitchenette, finally releasing her grip on him, and instructs him to wash his face at the sink. Initially contemplating escape, Roger eventually complies with her request and goes to the sink.

A Heart-to-Heart Conversation

While the two engage in conversation, Mrs. Jones learns that Roger attempted to steal her purse because he wanted money to buy a pair of blue suede shoes. Surprised by his choice, she suggests that he could have simply asked her for the money instead. Roger is puzzled by her response, and the fear of being taken to jail crosses his mind. However, Mrs. Jones offers to cook him something to eat, and he decides to stay and behave himself.

Resisting the temptation to steal her purse, which she leaves on the table near him, Roger even offers to go to the store to fetch food for Mrs. Jones if needed. When she asks if he prefers sweet milk for the cocoa she plans to prepare, Roger expresses contentment with canned milk.

An Unforgettable Lesson

As they share their meal, Mrs. Jones tells Roger about her job at a hotel beauty shop and offers him some cake. To his surprise, she gives him ten dollars, urging him to buy the blue suede shoes he desires but warning him against future theft. She emphasizes that ill-gotten gains will have consequences, metaphorically stating that shoes bought through theft would "burn your feet."

As Roger leaves, he feels a desire to express his gratitude more profoundly than a simple "Thank you, ma'am." However, he finds himself unable to articulate it. The third-person narrator concludes the story by revealing that Roger never encounters Mrs. Jones again.

‘Thank You, Ma’am’: Analysis

A Glimpse into Redemption

In Langston Hughes' brief story, "Thank You, Ma'am," the author suggests that troubled teenagers can find their path to redemption through the intervention of a compassionate mentor figure. Mrs. Luella Jones serves as the catalyst for Roger's transformation, providing him with guidance and an opportunity to reflect on his choices. Hughes presents the narrative in a direct manner, allowing readers to fill in the gaps in the characters' lives.

Unanswered Questions

The story leaves certain aspects of Mrs. Jones' life open to interpretation. The absence of a husband in her life raises questions about her marital status. Does she live alone by choice, or is there a deeper reason behind her solitary existence? Furthermore, her lack of biological children prompts speculation about her unfulfilled desire for motherhood. Could her nurturing instincts and desire to impart moral values stem from personal experiences with infertility or the loss of a child?

On the other hand, the story sheds light on the neglectful parenting prevalent in Roger's life. His parents are either absent or indifferent, as evidenced by their absence during late hours. Mrs. Jones's intervention becomes all the more significant, as she fills the void left by his own family's shortcomings.

An Ambiguous Ending

The conclusion of "Thank You, Ma'am" invites readers to ponder the long-term impact of Mrs. Jones's intervention on Roger's life. Overwhelmed by her kindness and forgiveness, Roger is moved to express his gratitude but is unable to find the right words. The narrator informs us that they never cross paths again, leaving Roger's future open to interpretation.

Will Roger internalize the lessons imparted by Mrs. Jones and refrain from engaging in further criminal activities? The narrator's omission of subsequent events leaves room for speculation. Mrs. Jones offers Roger both understanding and guidance, alluding to her own past mistakes without divulging details. This shared experience, coupled with their potential racial similarity, creates a connection between the two characters.

However, the reality of Roger's troubled home life looms over the story's hopeful resolution. While "Thank You, Ma'am" highlights the transformative power of kindness and understanding, it acknowledges the ongoing challenges faced by its young protagonist beyond this chance encounter. The story's ambiguous ending leaves readers wondering about Roger's future trajectory and the lasting impact of Mrs. Jones's influence on his moral character.

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