Pure literature can also be further classified into three categories: fiction, nonfiction, and fictionalization. Fiction refers to literature that is not based on reality or history, while nonfiction is based on reality and history (Hudson 89). Fictionalization involves the use of real and historical characters and events in fictional works such as novels, dramas, or poems (Klarer 32). In addition to these basic types and schools of thought, literature can also be classified based on genre. Genres are categories or types of literature that share similar characteristics and themes. Some common literary genres include poetry, prose, drama, and creative nonfiction.
Poetry is a genre of literature that uses language to evoke emotions and create imagery through the use of rhythm, sound, and figurative language (Hudson 118). Poetry can take many forms, including sonnets, haikus, free verse, and more. Prose is a genre of literature that consists of written or spoken language in sentences and paragraphs (Klarer 56). It can be fiction or nonfiction and includes works such as novels, short stories, and essays. Drama is a genre of literature that is written to be performed on stage or screen (Sanders 78). It includes plays and screenplays, and often focuses on character development and dialogue. Creative nonfiction is a genre that combines elements of fiction and nonfiction to create a narrative that is based on real events (Hudson 141). It includes works such as memoirs, biographies, and personal essays.
1. Hudson, William Henry. Introduction to the Study of Literature. Longmans, Green, and Co., 1892.
2. Klarer, Mario. Introduction to Literary Studies. Routledge, 2012.
3. Sanders, Andrew. The Short Oxford History of English Literature. Oxford University Press, 2002.
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